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How AP became largest seafood exporting state in India

Andhra Pradesh is blessed with Krishna and Godavari Rivers, the two major rivers in India, which flow through the state. AP is also called the “Rice Bowl of India.”The state has second-longest coastline in India which is 974 km. With such a huge coastline and having great irrigation potential with several irrigation projects, the state is primarily an agri-based economy.
 
The coastal regions of the state: East and West Godavari, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam and Nellore district have an ubiquitous aquaculture scene.
 
Facts about AP’s fisheries industry:
  • Andhra Pradesh is the largest seafood exporter in India. Andhra Pradesh stands first in total fish and prawn/shrimp production in India
  • Seafood exports in India are fetching ₹40,000 crores in foreign exchange and AP’s contribution is the highest (₹17,000 crores).
  • The total contribution of AP to fish production at the national level amounts to 20.77% while that at the global level stands at 1.19%. The target is to increase its production to 42 lakh tonnes by the year 2020.
  • Andhra Pradesh has the highest number of fishermen villages (408) in the East Coast.
  • It occupies second and third position in the size of fishermen population and number of fish craft and gear respectively.
How did it become the largest exporter of fresh water fish in India?
  • The State Government has identified as a priority sector for growth.
  • In this year alone, the Govt has allocated ₹400 crores in the Budget this year for the sector.
  • Linkage with MPEDA is developed for storage/refrigeration/Harbour Facilities/ Fiscal Incentives.
  • Great fish marketing and distribution chains. Andhra Pradesh has three prominent agencies, viz., Directorate of Fisheries, Fishery Co-operatives and Fisheries Corporation, that are working for the fisheries development activities include the promotion of fish marketing also.
  • Another one, established by the Govt in 1974 called the AP Fisheries Corporation is the major body that help in marketing and distribution efforts including exports.
  • AP has fishermen co-operatives, another institutional agency working for the development of fisheries in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Mega Food Parks have been established in suitable places by tapping the incentives from the Government of India.
  • Efforts are made to develop fisheries infrastructure for promotion of fish and fish products exports in Bhimavaram and Visakhapatnam which are recognized as the towns of export excellence (Marine Sector) in trade policy of Government of India, 2015-2020.
Here’s the graph of fisheries production growth in AP between 2008 and 2017:
 

The production of fish in the state increased from 19.78 lakh tonnes in 2014-15 to 34.49 lakh tonnes in 2017-18 with average annual growth rate of 19%. All these initiatives have been taken up with an objective of making Andhra Pradesh the “Aqua Hub of the World,” in race to beat China, Norway and Vietnam.

 

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