How AP’s industrial parks could turn into revenue-generating hubs for State

Industrial parks and clusters are often hailed as the holy grail of development in a modern economy. The success of special economic zones and technology parks in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Japan, Ireland, Switzerland and more recently, in China, Korea, Taiwan, India and several other African countries are pushing governments across the world to replicate them. However, an alternative to SEZs are industrial parks and clusters which could prove to be the most effective tools for developing industries and for generating employment. 

In Andhra Pradesh, the state government has created industrial parks and clusters to ensure decentralised development. Through these, it is promoting various sector-specific industries across the state. Here are the details of the industrial clusters and parks: 

Food Parks: 
  • AP is the first state in India to sanction food parks with the state government’s funding. The government is working on 5 Mega Food Parks and 5 Integrated Food Parks. 
  • Each Food Park will have core and enabling infrastructure with an average investment of Rs.150 crores for processing various commodities grown in the area. 
  • Integrated Food Parks are under construction in Vizianagaram, Kadapa and Chittoor districts. 
  • One Mega Food Park is operational in Nellore district, and another Park is under construction in Prakasam district. The remaining Food Parks are in the process of obtaining licenses.
Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC):
  • To boost the electronics manufacturing ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh has adopted a cluster-development approach. 
  • The State has set up two (2) clusters for electronics manufacturing at Tirupati (EMC-1 and EMC-2 catering to mobile, consumer electronics and automotive electronics), and another EMC was set up in Nellore by a private company (Sri City).
  • A ‘Silicon Corridor’ near Tirupati is underway with the aim to provide impetus to the Electronics ecosystem in the State.
MSME Parks: 
  • The state government is establishing state-of-the-art MSME Parks with plug-and-play facilities in each of the 175 assembly constituencies. 
  • Land has been identified for MSME parks in 98 constituencies. Out of these, 31 MSME Parks are being developed on priority basis. The total area under possession for these 31 MSME Parks is 1,317.97 acres, with plotted area of 635.41 acres (7,246 plots). 
Orvakal Mega Industrial Hub, Kurnool: 
  • The Mega industrial hub in Orvakal is being developed in 12,203 acres with all infrastructure facilities. Companies such as Jairaj Ispat have already been allotted land for their project.
Mega Seed Park, Kurnool: 
  • A state-of-the-art mega seed park, leveraging technical know-how of Iowa University, USA, at Thangadancha in Kurnool district. 
  • The Seed Park is spread over an extent of 650 acres, and will attract investments from reputed seed companies.
Koparthy Mega Industrial Park, Kadapa: 
  • A Mega Industrial Park at Kopparthy is underway in an extent of 6,553 acres. Tremag Alloys, which is setting up a manufacturing unit for magnesium ingots, has already been allotted land at the Park. 
MSE Cluster Development:
  • Under the MSE-CDP program, the State is implementing eight Industrial Infrastructure Development projects worth Rs 42.60 crores, across Gandrajupalli (Chittoor), Peddapuram (East Godavari), Singarayakonda (Prakasam), Vedayapalem (Nellore), Kopparthi (Kadapa), Amudalavalasa (Srikakulam), Kanuru (Krishna) and Visakhapatnam.
  • Four Common Facility Centre projects worth Rs.41.43 crores have been sanctioned at Guntur (steel fabrication and beverages cluster), Nellore (gold) and Chittoor (printing cluster).
Fintech Valley: 
  • The Fintech Valley in Visakhapatnam, is creating an ecosystem to help identify and nurture financial technology institutions and start-ups. The objective is to bring together the fintech community and catalyze the sector’s growth by hosting global business competitions and awarding innovation.

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