How India could see worse than 2nd wave if COVID norms are violated

With shoppers crowding markets and restaurants amid the phased ‘unlocking’ of activities in Delhi, doctors cautioned that the country could face a “worse than second wave situation” if COVID-19 if people lower their guards and do not adhere to the safety norms.
The remarks from many doctors at leading government or private facilities come after visuals of crowded markets surfaced on social media, and reports said that people are not following COVID-19 — appropriate behaviour such as wearing masks or maintaining social distance.
The concerns come on a day India reported a single-day rise of 62,224 new coronavirus infections, taking India's total tally of COVID-19 cases to 2,96,33,105, while the active cases were recorded below nine lakh after 70 days. The COVID-19 toll climbed to 3,79,573 with 2,542 fresh fatalities.
Which states have started easing restrictions?
Most states are easing curbs, which they first started imposing in mid-April, in a staggered manner, confining it to districts with low positivity rates and active cases and continuing with restrictions like the closure of schools and colleges and night curfew.
Restaurants with 50 percent capacity, and weekly markets and religious places reopened in Delhi from 14 June. Salons, beauty parlours and barbershops closed since the imposition of lockdown on 19 April, have also commenced operations.
Markets and malls, which were earlier allowed to reopen on an odd-even basis, will now open on all days, while educational institutes, cinema halls, gyms, swimming pools and parks will remain closed. Gyms, sports complexes and stadia have now also been permitted under some conditions.
Restrictions have also been eased in Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Jharkhand and Goa, among other states.
Traffic jams, tourist rush amid eased restrictions
Over the weekend, more than 1,200 vehicles entered the Haryana-Himachal Pradesh border at Parwanoo, and the rush was witnessed at other state entry points, including Bilaspur, Mehatpur in Una and the Kandwal barrier of Kangra district, Hindustan Times reported.
The hotel occupancy in Shimla has risen to 30 percent from zero. Visuals also showed traffic snarls in Bengaluru and Delhi as the National Capital saw the air quality falling after restrictions were relaxed, according to The Times of India.
We’ll be in trouble if norms aren’t followed: Experts
Dr Suranjit Chatterjee, a senior consultant at Delhi’s Apollo Hospitals, warned that if safety norms are not followed by people and if there is no strict enforcement in case of violations, then “we are in for trouble again.”
“The way cases have come down from over 28,000 at peak in April to 131 cases reported yesterday, it is such a dramatic fall in numbers. And, if lockdown was the primary reason for it, then we have to tread very cautiously now with the restrictions being slowly eased,” he said.
“But, if people show laxity by not wearing masks or wearing them inappropriately or violate social distancing norms, and if law enforcement agencies do not penalise and ensure violations do not increase in quantum, then we are certainly in for trouble. And, the next wave could be worse than the second wave situation,” he said.
The pulmonologist emphasised that in the second wave, at least one member in every household was either infected by COVID-19 , or the families knew of someone who had been.
“We hoped that people would learn lessons from the second wave, but it seems we are not being wise as common people. The situation will be worse than during the second wave if we do not wise up. A government cannot keep a lockdown forever, but, we can choose to be disciplined and go out only when needed,” she said.
‘Threat of third wave is real’
Dr Richa Sareen, consultant of pulmonology at Fortis Hospital, who recently lost her immediate family member to COVID-19 , said, “The threat of the third wave hitting is quite real and not a hypothesis.”
“And, we had a similar threat in February when everyone had started going on a vacation or doing house parties or socialising in public places. Now that the second wave has done so much damage and claimed so many lives, we need to realise that we have to be disciplined and tread with caution,” she said.
Chatterjee, Sareen and many doctors of government hospitals, also underlined that unlike in the UK and Italy, where third wave indications are coming from despite a significant portion of the adult population vaccinated, in India, the vaccination figure is “very minuscule”, and, therefore the “threat of the next wave becomes imminent”.
Many states have started to prepare for a third wave, with a special focus on protecting children. Many state governments plan to identify and vaccinate parents of children below 10 years of age.

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