Capital Conundrum: Four Reasons Why 3 Capitals Don't Make Sense

If one were to believe and accept the YSR Congress Government’s approach and logic towards having three capitals for Andhra Pradesh, this piece intends to question how they plan decentralisation of development when it actually feels opposite of what has been reported or said.

First: Let us, for instance, consider that the three capitals were decided to decentralise development. If one has to go by this logic, then why is the YSRCP hell-bent on making Visakhapatnam executive capital of the state, considering the fact that Vizag is already a development city of Andhra Pradesh? Why have the working capital in an already established city? Having the capital as Amaravati, that actually requires development from scratch, will be more fruitful as the previous Chandrababu Naidu-led government had already marketed it as the Capital and has built the government infrastructure there. 
Second: Geographically too, Visakhapatnam is far away and in fact, located in the coastal corner of the state. For people who want to meet the Chief Minister or reach out to government officials, they will have to travel all the way from their hometowns or villages to the other corner of the state. Whereas, if the capital is situated at Amaravati, then it is centrally located — either from the coastal districts of Andhra or from the Rayalaseema region. 
Third: Travelling between three capitals is going to become a huge pain point for government officials. Same issue is going to be a pain point for citizens too, who want to travel from Visakhapatnam to Kurnool to Amaravati or anywhere in between. Having the entire government-related force in one place makes life easy for anyone. But, having to shift between three places takes longer in an already cumbersome India bureaucratic system.
Fourth: The previous TDP-led government segregated each district and zone based on its strengths to ensure decentralised development. For instance: Godavari districts were being developed as aqua and marine hubs due to fishing and related-activities. So, exporting these products would not only generate revenue for the region based on its indigenous strength but also boost the state’s economy along with its ranking among marine exports in India. From Pilgrim Circuit to Tourism Circuit to Aqua and Food Hubs, Industrial and Mining Hubs, Electronic Manufacturing Hubs to Horticulture hubs, every district or region was identified for its speciality earlier, which meant decentralisation to the mandal/village-level, in the true sense. 
Going by what the YSRCP government is currently implementing — three capitals — it is neither going to decentralise development nor uplift disparities. In fact, with the state’s revenue deficit and already existing economic disparities between the regions, it is further going to worsen every region of the state than benefit it. 
Thus, having three capitals could further be a nail in Andhra Pradesh’s coffin, shattering the progress previously made and its future too, leading it to a total collapse! 

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