Appeasement? Jagan's new plan for 3 capital cities for AP may cause logistical challenges

The idea of three capital cities, located at a distance of at least 350 km from each other, is likely to throw up more logistic, social and economic challenges than it serves the political purpose of appeasing people of three different regions in Andhra Pradesh. 

Though AP chief minister Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy did not elaborate his idea of three capital cities for the state, he has dropped enough hints that the administration would be shifted out of upcoming capital city, Amaravati. 
Amaravati, touted as the dream capital of Andhras, will now just remain a legislative capital. This means Amaravati in south coastal Andhra will host only two or three sessions of the state assembly every year while the focus will shift to Visakhapatnam in north coastal Andhra, where the executive (administration) capital has been proposed. 

In fact, if the state government has its way, Visakhapatnam may be the seat of power with all government offices including secretariat and DGP’s office located there. 
Jagan, however, has not elaborated what he meant by executive capital. He was also silent on where the chief minister’s office will be located – in legislative capital or executive capital. 

Kurnool in Rayalaseema will get the state high court. Incidentally, Kurnool was the capital of the erstwhile Andhra state for a couple of years since 1953 before Andhra state was merged with Hyderabad state to form Andhra Pradesh in 1956. The high court was then located in Guntur. 
If the three state capital cities plan materialises, Andhras will continue without a common capital of their own. Andhra region had its own capital city about two millennia ago. 

In modern times, Andhras lost Chennai (then Madras) to Tamil Nadu after bifurcation of Madras Presidency in 1953. Then Kurnool served as the capital for a brief period. 
Urban planning experts argue that while three capitals for a small state are bound to create confusion, it will throw logistic challenges. The distance between Visakhapatnam and Kurnool is about 700 km with Amaravati (Vijayawada) being located at halfway mark. On any given day, at least a dozen senior officials including principal secretaries attend court hearing daily. 

They will now have to travel from Visakhapatnam to Kurnool causing a heavy financial burden on the exchequer. It will also put a heavy strain on human resources. 
Though experts are in favour of decentralised development, they point out that having three capital cities would not result in decentralised growth. Instead, the government should spread out industries and institutions of excellence to achieve its goal. 

Further, tenders for development works in Amaravati worth Rs. 43,000 crore have been called for. Several educational institutions of repute have set up their campuses there. 

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